Politics and society in the UAE
Politics and society in the UAE
The UAE was founded mainly on the principle of tolerance towards different peoples and cultures. That principle emerges from the state’s desire to build political, social, and economic relations at the international level, as a tool to lay the foundations for development, stability, and peaceful coexistence.
The federation of the United Arab Emirates was established on the second of December 1971. After the establishment of a temporary constitution for the state, which was transformed in 1996 into a permanent constitution, laying down the basic rules for the political and constitutional organization of the UAE. With this experience, the state was able to take its distinguished place in the world as the most successful Arab unitary experiment in the modern era.
Internally, the state has a long and solid coexistence record and religious and cultural tolerance among its residents. Over 200 nationalities currently live on its territory, and the state has provided them with a law that protects their rights to live their normal life freely as they may drink alcohol, visit bars and casinos, or even play UAE casino online without facing any problems. Respecting their customs and traditions and provides them with the freedom to practice their rituals.
The efforts made by the state through arts, culture, and educational policies have contributed to creating a deeper level of understanding and tolerance and led to raising awareness and celebrating world heritage, as well as its own heritage. The United Arab Emirates embodies a vivid example of positive and constructive interaction between different cultures, languages, races, ethnicities, and beliefs, which leads to harmony and peaceful coexistence in this diverse society
Supervision in each emirate falls to the most prominent tribes politically, and the Emir is selected by the dignitary of the ruling tribe. This is how it usually goes, the heir of the latest Emir takes the lead but not always. Each tribe has its own Sheikh and some certain political pluralism degree to maintain the position of the ruling family.
In UAE, no political parties. No elections were held until the beginning of the 21st century. Electoral college gathers every four years to choose half the members of the advisory Federal National Council, while the other half is chosen by appointment.
The political system in the United Arab Emirates has been described as one of the most stable political systems in the region, as a result of the continuous efforts and perseverance of a number of exceptional leaders who have worked diligently to build and consolidate strong institutions capable of meeting the requirements of the times and overcoming any negatives or challenges that may stand in their way. . The leaders of the seven emirates realized from the beginning that the nation’s success lies in their ability to achieve citizenship and directly involve their citizens in the development process. their citizens in the development process.
Local government in UAE
The UAE constitution defines the nature of the relationship between the federal government and local governments while allowing a degree of flexibility in the distribution of powers. This relationship develops with time due to the administrative requirements that arise.
Every emirate in the state has its ruler. Ruling in each emirate is assumed on the basis of the inherited sheikhdom. Every ruler in the emirate chooses his crown prince. Each of the seven-member emirates has its own local government, which varies according to the size and population of each emirate. And be in the form of executive councils, municipalities, and departments.
Articles 116-119 define the basic competencies of the member emirates. Article 122 of the Constitution stipulates the competence of the member Emirates in everything that is not unique to the federal authorities in terms of the legislative and enforcement powers stipulated in Articles 120 and 121. Article 117 also adds the responsibility of each emirate to maintain security and order within its territories, provide public facilities, and raise its social and economic level.
Each emirate contributes to protecting the constitution, enforcing its provisions, and benefiting from its provisions. All member Emirates must harmonize their laws in all fields for the purpose of unification. Also, Article 127 of the Constitution stipulates that the member Emirates allocates a certain percentage of their resources to cover the Federation’s general budget expenditures, in the manner and to the extent specified in the budget law.
Education in UAE
United Emirates care about education more than anything else. They made the education at primary level free but also mandatory for all children from 6 to 12 years old. The secondary level is not obligatory. In UAE, there are many fine institutions of higher education to choose from.
Both girls and boys attend public school, though female students are way more than male ones. In 1998, Zayed University was established for women’s technical education, and in 2008 it also started accepting male students as well. 70% of university graduates in the united emirates are women.